Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
IBS is mainly diagnosed through exclusion of other disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. It leads to cramping, diarrhea and bloating. There are several theories about the cause of IBS, and IBS-like symptoms may also occur with dysautnomia.
The ROM III criteria can be used to diagnose functional gastrointestinal disorders. The diagnosis of IBS is only given if there are no other physical diseases which would explain the symptoms. Endoscopic examinations and microbiological tests are used to exclude other gastrointestinal diseases.
IBS is mainly treated symptomatic and through diet changes.
Tinnitus is not an own entity it is more a symptom of an underlying condition. Patients hear loud sounds in their ears, which are described as ringing. Tinnitus might occur due to a disrupted blood flow of the vertebral arteries. It is also discussed if Tinnitus is associated with whiplash injuries, however, many conditions could potentially cause Tinnitus, which is why it is necessary to exclude them all (MS, brain tumor).
Hearing tests are used to diagnose Tinnitus.