Lyme disease is caused by small, spiral bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferii, which are carried and transmitted by ticks.
Erythema migrans, the cardinal symptom of lyme, does not always occur after a tick bite.
Head, body, muscle and joint pain (similar to a flu)
In the further course lyme disease can manifest itself as a chronic and multisystemic disorder, and the patient might develop a neurological condition called neuroborreliosis, which leads to nerve inflammation.
The symptoms of lyme disease are unspecific and similar to those of cervical spine instabilities. A variety of neurological problems may arise, which makes it hard to differentiate from other conditions. Moreover, lyme disease is very complicated to diagnose because a lot of blood tests currently available are false positive or false negative – especially if the infection was a long time ago.
Lyme disease is diagnosed in blood, or, if neuroborreliosis is suspected, through a lumbar puncture.
During the chronic state of lyme disease, the bacteria try to stay unrecognized from the immune system and therefore hide in tissue with poor blood supply. This leads to ligament and tendon damage or even ruptures, which could possibly affect the cervical spine.
The biochemistry lab results of lyme disease in case of nitrostative stress appear similar to those of cervical spine instabilities.