PNF (proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation)


PNF is a neurophysiological technique like Vojta therapy. The goal is to change the movement pattern. PNF was developed in California, and in the beginning it was used to treat patients with polio. Since they had such a high rate of success in this patient group, they further modified PNF, and later also used it to treat other neurological disorders.

Proprioception describes our sense about the position and movement of our own body’s parts in the room. Proprioception is mainly provided by muscle, joint and tendon receptors. These receptors send the information to the central nervous system.

It is known that EDS patients have bad proprioception.

PNF is supposed to change pathological movement patterns to healthy patterns. The information of how to correctly move is stored in the central nervous system, and might be used by the physical therapist to re-educate our body about the right movement patterns.

One muscle should not be moved alone, but together in three-dimensional, mostly diagonal movements with pressure and resistance used as stimuli.

Indications for PNF therapy are neurological disorders, like Parkinson’s, stroke, MS, polyneuropathy;

or orthopedic diseases that cause disorders of the movement pattern, like rheumatoid diseases, degenerative spinal diseases, muscle and tendon issues;

also, after surgical procedures, like hip replacements.